1. In this study, we shall focus our attention on the "gifts"
of the Spirit...
a. What were the gifts?
b. How did people receive the gifts?
c. What was the purpose of the gifts?
d. How long were the gifts to last?
I. What Were The Spiritual Gifts of
1 Cor. 12:8-11?
A. Described By Paul...
1. Intellectual Power -
a. word of wisdom – insight into true
nature of things – W.E. Vine
b. word of knowledge – Ability to know,
store & recall spiritual truths -
c. Faith – (not subjective faith that every Christian must have!) - but of miracles: confidence in God,by the impulse of His Spirit,that He would enable them to perform any
required miracle (1Co 13:2 Jas ).
2. Exhibition of “Miraculous Faith” –
a. Healing –plural,"healings"; referring to different
kinds of disease (#Mt 10:1).
b. Miracles –of special and extraordinary POWER Mr 6:5 Ac 19:11.
c. Prophecy - The prophet was one who spoke words given by
the Holy Spirit. Here probably the inspired disclosure of the future
d. Discerning of spirits - The power of reading hearts and
determining whether men spoke by the divine spirit, or some other impulse.
3. Miraculous Use of Language
a. Divers kinds of tongues. - spoke languages that he had
never learned. See #Ac 2:6-8.
b. Interpretation of tongues, - the ability to explain the
meaning of those who spoke with tongues.
4. Limitations on these gifts . . .
a. Not all Christians had these "spiritual" gifts; some may have
had no such gift at all - 1 Co -30;
- 1 Co ,23-24 ("uninformed", NKJV)
b. Possession of these "spiritual" gifts did not ensure spiritual
maturity - 1 Co 1:4-7; 1 Co 3:1-4
c. These "spiritual" gifts could be abused, but also controlled -
1 Co 14:1-5,23,26-32
II. How Did People Receive The
A.Directly From The Holy Spirit Himself...
1. Only on two occasions,
a. The apostles, at Pentecost – Acts
b. The household of Cornelius, -
B. Through The Laying On Of The
1. Every Other Occasion
a. The Samaritans – Ac 8:14-19
b. The Ephesians – Ac 19:6
c. The Romans – Ro 1:11
d. Timothy - 2 Tim. 1:6
III. What Was The Purpose Of The
A. To Reveal & Confirm God’s
1. To reveal God's will and confirm that it was His will - cf. Mk
16:17-20; He 2:3-4
a. Some gifts revealed God's will (e.g., wisdom; prophecy)
b. Other gifts confirmed God's will (e.g., tongues, miracles)